As people move away from rural areas, it is more difficult for them to see animals in their natural habitats. Many people believe that we can teach children about these animals through visits to zoos, where it is possible to see, hear, smell and sometimes even touch them.
Opponents, however, argue that seeing animals in cages is not instructive, because it is impossible to learn about their natural behaviour in such unnatural conditions. They believe that zoos actually send a negative message and allow people to believe that keeping living beings captive is permissible.
Moreover, these opponents believe that keeping animals in cages promotes suffering, especially for more intellectually complex species that need mental stimulation as well as adequate space in which to move. They say that in many zoos, animals are kept in small, filthy enclosures and are often forced to perform tricks for the public. Consequently, many animals suffer from “zoochosis”; that is, abnormal behaviours such as bar-biting or self-mutilation among zoo animals. They reject the arguments that zoos help animals to lead longer, healthier lives due to the guaranteed diet and veterinary care they receive.
There are, of course, kind and humane zoos, such as the Jersey Zoo in the UK, that provide *outstanding services to animal welfare and conservation. But most zoos do not in fact meet the standards they set themselves. Unless they really do start to contribute to animal welfare, zoos may soon find that they themselves are extinct.
*outstanding: excellent and better than others
Add TRUE or FALSE and copy the evidence from the text to support your answer.
NO marks are given for only true or false.
1. It is difficult to find animals in rural areas.
2. Many people feel that going to the zoo is a learning experience.
- FALSE (paragraph 2) “As people move away from rural areas, it is more difficult for them to see animals in their natural habitats.”
3. Most animals enjoy performing tricks for visitors.
- TRUE (paragraph 2) “Many people believe that we can teach children about these animals through visits to zoos”
LEXICONFind words or phrases in the text that mean the same as these given.
1. pleasant enjoyable (paragraph 1)
2. acceptable permissible (paragraph 3)
3. dirty filthy (paragraph 4)
4. excellent outstanding (paragraph 5)
1. Write two words from the text that have the same diphthong sound as “day”.
(Underline the part of the word which contains the diphthong.)
2. Which of the following words has the same vowel sound as “bird”?
1. services 2. park 3. forced
USE OF ENGLISHRewrite the following sentences starting with the words given.
1. It is forbidden to feed the animals.