Ethical fashion is all about creating and promoting clothing which uses raw materials that can be recycled, and treating these materials in ways that are not environmentally harmful. In addition, ethical fashion aims to encourage local craft workers, and many of the garments produced are made by women in co-operative groups in developing countries. Ethical fashion also promises to reinvest part of its profits in local community projects such as health and education.
In 2006, the Ethical Fashion Show in Paris featured 60 designers from all over the world. Some used organic materials to create modern fashions. For example, one designer used a traditional technique from the Philippines in order to create fabric made from pineapple leaves. Other designers focused on unusual methods of processing fabrics. One French company employed a traditional Chinese practice to dye silk fabric. This involves coating the silk in a sweet potato paste, and then burying it in the ground. It is later rinsed many times in water, and ends up a soft, off-black colour. This company also uses an old Japanese method to produce kakishibu, a natural dye made from fruit, to colour silk scarves brown and pink.
Those involved in ethical fashion hope that the movement will gain in popularity. Twenty years ago, they say, organic food was considered “alternative” and was produced mostly by small companies, but today it has become mainstream. They hope this will happen to fashion, boosting sales and benefiting workers at local levels, as well as helping the environment.
Add TRUE or FALSE and copy the evidence from the text to support your answer. NO marks are given for only true or false.
1. Ethical fashion is about recycling old clothes.
2. The ethical fashion movement promotes local fashion.
3. Sixty traditional techniques were displayed at the Ethical Fashion Show.
4. The ethical fashion industry has always been very popular.
Find words or phrases in the text that mean the same as these given.
1. motivate: encourage (paragraph 2)2. covering: coating (paragraph 3)3. washed: rinsed (paragraph 3)4. more common and acceptable: mainstream (paragraph 4)
Find words in the text with the following phonemes.
1. Write two words from the text that have the same diphthong sound as “juice”.(Underline the part of the word which contains the diphthong.)
2. Which of the following words has the same vowel sound as “home”?
1. covering 2. organic 3. coating
3. Write a past form from the text that sounds the same as “involved” /d/.
USE OF ENGLISH
Rewrite the following sentences starting with the words given.
1. In this method, the silk is rinsed many times in water.
- This method includes the silk being rinsed many times in water.
- This method includes rinsing the silk many times in water.
2. Those involved in ethical fashion hope that the movement will gain in popularity.
- Those involved in ethical fashion want the movement to gain in popularity.3. They hope that this will happen to the ethical fashion movement, boosting sales and benefiting workers.
- If this happens, it will boost sales and benefit workers.4. “What material is this made of?” she asked.
- She wanted to know what material that was made of.5. I wish I had gone to the fashion show.
- I should have gone to the fashion show.6. In my opinion, you should eat more organic food.