Store brands lift grocers in troubled times - PAU C.Valenciana 2010

>Exámenes selectividad inglés Comunidad Valenciana resueltos

Man comparing store brands at supermarketAs the economy plunges into a deep recession, grocery stores are one of the few sectors doing well. That is because cash-short consumers are eating out less and stocking up at the supermarket. And store brand products, which tend to be cheaper than national brands and more profitable for grocers, are doing especially well.
Led by chains like Kroger, Wegmans and Safeway, grocers have expanded their store brands beyond cheap generics and simple knockoffs of Cheerios, Oreos and Coca-Cola. Now, retailers are increasingly adding premium store-brand items like organics, or creating products without direct competition.
In this economic climate, many shoppers are willing to try the newly developed store brands. They also say it is hard to resist the low prices of store brands for staple goods like milk, sugar and cheese. Jan-Benedict E. M. Steenkamp, marketing professor at the University of North Carolina, said past recessions had given consumers a reason to trade down from national brands. This time, he said, the gains may stick because the quality and consistency of store brands have improved.
Besides the weak economy, the growth of store brands reflects a historic shift in the balance of power
between packaged food manufacturers and grocery retailers. As these grocery retailers have consolidated and grown bigger, they are increasingly able to stock their shelves with their own store brands, which bring higher profits and drive customer loyalty — all to the detriment of major food brands.
Of course, major branded food companies dispute the idea that store brands are just as good as their products and they argue that branded products offer better taste, consistency and innovation, justifying a premium price.
Source: Andrew Martin, The New York Times

RESPUESTAS

READING COMPREHENSION

I. Answer the following questions using your own words but taking into account the information in the text.

a. According to the text, why are grocery stores, nowadays, successful in comparison to other businesses? PAR. 1
b. On what basis do food companies justify the higher price of their brand-name products? PAR. 6

II. Are the following statements true (T) or false (F)? Identify the part of the text that supports your answer by copying the exact passage on the answer sheet.

a. National brands are usually more profitable for grocers than store brands.
b. Shoppers find it difficult to resist buying store brand milk and sugar.
c. Major food manufacturers claim their products are as good as store brands.

III. Find a synonym for each of the four words below from these six options: 
       plunges      retailers      staple      trade      down      stick     products

IV. Choose a, b, or c, in each question below. Only one choice is correct. 
1. Nowadays, consumers are short of cash; as a result, they…
2. Food chains like Wegmans…
3. According to the text, the growth of store brands reflects

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