|Image by Peter Donnelly|
The success of this system is highly unexpected. It was introduced by the Mayor, Ken Livingstone, in the face of opposition from business leaders, politicians, and a lot of people who just love their cars. Business leaders claimed that their companies would suffer, while politicians said it would unfairly penalise various groups. Even the Government took an attitude of wait and see. Against predictions, private traffic is now down by 20 per cent, while fees and fines provide ₤130 million each year for improving public transport.
In order to sell this plan to the public, you cannot just introduce it, you have to get people to accept it. If you ask motorists directly, they say no, but if you put it in a package with a reduction in the price of petrol, or in a package including better roads and better public transport, a majority of motorists will support it.
I. READING COMPREHENSION
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
1) Why do you think Londoners have changed their minds about cars since they replaced horses in London?
2) How does this system help public transport?
ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWER WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT.
3) If motorists want to drive into London between 7.00 a.m. and 6.30 p.m., they are charged some money.
4) The Government agreed to support this plan introduced by the Mayor.
5) In spite of this plan, traffic has not decreased in London.
6) Most motorists will support the plan if it is combined with other measures.
II. USE OF ENGLISH
7) Give one synonym for PLEASED (adjective) (line 1)
8) Find in the text the word that has the following definition:
“Sum of money paid for breaking a law or rule”
9) Give one adjective with the same root as SUCCESS (noun) (line 5)
10) Give one noun with the same root as IMPROVE (verb) (line 10)
11) Turn the following sentence into the active voice:
The scheme had been introduced by the Mayor, Ken Livingstone.
12) Complete the following sentence:
- If I were a driver,… I WOULD NEVER DRIVE INTO LONDON
13) Turn the following sentence into reported speech:
In 2001 the councillor said: “The city will launch a radical traffic plan next February”
- IN 2001 THE COUNCILLOR SAID (THAT) THE CITY WOULD LAUNCH A RADICAL TRAFFIC PLAN THE FOLLOWING FEBRUARY/THE NEXT FEBRUARY
14) Give a question for the underlined words:
This system has been running for two years.