Graphic warnings on cigarette packets - PAU 2008 Andalucía

>Exámenes selectividad inglés resueltos Andalucía


Tobacco smoke can harm your children - warning campaignGraphic images of the health consequences of smoking are to be shown on cigarette packets in Britain from September this year. The pictures include a dead man on a steel mortuary table, patients wearing oxygen masks in hospital, a baby in an incubator and a man with a large tumour below his chin with the words “Smoking can cause a slow and painful death”.
The health secretary said the aim was to raise consciousness, help smokers to give up tobacco and reduce smoking-related illnesses. He added that picture warnings are a vital step in reducing the number of people who smoke. Smoking is still the highest cause of ill health and early death.
Picture warnings, together with the introduction of a law about smoke-free public areas and the Government’s plans to raise the legal age of sale for tobacco products, will potentially save thousands of lives; in addition, others will avoid the misery of watching family and friends die prematurely from smoke-related illnesses.
A series of 15 images have been chosen following market research, public consultation and a vote on the most effective warnings. These measures will help promote better awareness of the damage that smoking does, an essential step towards reducing the number who start smoking.
According to the Cancer Research Institute, smoking accounts for 85% of lung cancers. Each year the disease causes 33,500 deaths in the UK. They also state that international evidence shows that graphic picture warnings lead to greater awareness of the risks associated with smoking and help encourage people to cut down or quit.

RESPUESTAS

I. READING COMPREHENSION

ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
1 What messages are the pictures intended to transmit? Give at least two.
2 How will the government’s other two measures work?

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH THE PRECISE WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT.
3 One of the images makes allusion to the effects of smoking on the respiratory system.
4 The graphic images have been chosen by the Government.
5 All lung cancers are caused by smoking.
6 It has already been proved that this kind of measures is effective.

II. USE OF ENGLISH

7 GIVE ONE SYNONYM FOR “aim” (NOUN; LINE 5).
8 GIVE ONE OPPOSITE FOR “painful” (ADJECTIVE; LINE 4).
9 COMPLETE THE SERIES WITH ANOTHER WORD OF THE SAME SEMANTIC GROUP:
10 GIVE A NOUN WITH THE SAME ROOT AS “save” (VERB; LINE 9).
11 JOIN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES USING AN APPROPRIATE LINKER (DO NOT USE AND OR BUT). MAKE CHANGES IF NECESSARY:
“It was a rainy day. They decided to go fishing”.
12 TURN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCE INTO THE PASSIVE VOICE:
“Medical advances have greatly reduced the number of deaths“.
13 FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS:
14 GIVE A QUESTION FOR THE UNDERLINED WORDS:
“The Burtons sent hundreds of e-mails asking for help.”

+EXÁMENES RESUELTOS

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