The truth about bears - PAU Madrid 2010 resuelto

>Exámenes selectividad inglés resueltos C. Madrid

Bear clawThe wildlife biologist, John Rogers, had spent thousands of hours studying North America’s black bears. He shot them with tranquilisers before fitting them with radio collars. He took their blood and studied their DNA. And he tracked their movements and marked them on maps. But none of that had allowed him to really know the creatures.
Rogers finally decided that he couldn’t hope to know bears unless he won their trust. And so he abandoned scientific detachment and took the controversial step of forming relationships with his study animals, using food to gain acceptance among an extended bear family in Minnesota. Now, he has abandoned almost everything he knew, or thought he knew, about bears. They do not like honey. They are not even that crazy about berries or nuts, if they have a choice of larvae in a tree trunk.
And they are not dangerous. “In all my 42 years of  working closely with bears, I have not found a way of getting a bear to attack. The more I push, the more they try to get away. If they wave their arms aggressively, it’s just a way to keep me at a distance while they find a way to escape. It’s humans who are the more dangerous animals”, he said. “If you look at statistics, one black bear out of a million kills somebody. Among humans, it’s one person out of 18,000 who kills somebody. So you could see why I would feel a lot less comfortable in the city than in the woods next to a bear.”

 RESPUESTAS

I. READING COMPREHENSION


1.- Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.
a) The biologist collected factual information about bears, like the area where they lived and travelled around.
  • TRUE: "And he tracked their movements and marked them on maps."
b) Making close contact with your object of study is normal in scientific research.
  • FALSE: "And so he abandoned scientific detachment and took the controversial step of forming relationships with his study animals, (...)"

2.- In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.
a) What has the biologist discovered about the bear’s diet?
  • The biologist has discovered that their diet doesn't just consist of fruit and honey since they prefer to eat small insects.
b) Why does he think humans are dangerous?
  • He thinks that human beings are dangerous because we kill much more people than bears do.

II. USE OF ENGLISH


3.- Find the words or phrases in the text that mean:
  • a) animals (paragraph 1): creatures
  • b) confidence (paragraph 2): trust
  • c) distance (paragraph 2): detachment
  • d) move (in the air) (paragraph 3): wave

4.- Complete the following sentences. Use the appropriate form of the word in brackets when given.
  • a) Everybody believes (believe) that bears love eating / to eat (eat) honey.
  • b) If we want to know the real facts about animals, we should / ought to / must / have to / need to study them in action.
Rewrite the sentences starting with the words given:
  • c) It’s not necessary to dissect an animal to know a lot about it.
    • You don't have to / need to / needn't dissect an animal to know a lot about it. 
  • d) When Rogers went near the bear, he called to it ―Don’t worry, bear!‖
    • Rogers told the bear not to worry.


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